Prague, Czechia

digital platforms, which can be projected in the enforcement of the Guidelines. Second, the EU can draw inspiration from the form in which the rules were adopted. Rather than up-dating sectional instruments that deal primarily with other issues, such as relevant market definition, or fine-tuning the rules through the case law, the Guidelines summarize all aspects relevant for digital platforms in a single document, which promises greater transparency and easier navigation through otherwise complex rules. References [1] Botta, M. (2021). Sector Regulation of Digital Platforms in Europe: Uno, Nessuno e Centomila. Journal of Competition Law & Practice , Vol 12 No 7, pp. 500–512. [2] Botta, M. and Wiedemann, K. (2020). To discriminate or not to discriminate? Per sonalised pricing in online markets as exploitative abuse of dominance. European Jour nal of Law and Economics , Vol 50, pp. 381–404. [3] Cabral, L. et al. (2021). The EU Digital Markets Act, A Report from a Panel of Economic Experts . Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. [4] Cao, Y. (2020). Regulating Digital Platforms in China: Current Practice and Fu ture Developments. Journal of European Competition Law & Practice , Vol 11 No 3–4, pp. 173–180. [5] Commission Notice on the definition of relevant market for the purposes of Commu nity competition law, OJ C 372, 9.12.1997, pp. 5–13. [6] Commission Regulation (EU) No 330/2010 of 20 April 2010 on the application of Article 101(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union to categories of vertical agreements and concerted practices, OJ L 102, 23.4.2010, pp. 1–7. [7] Commission Staff Working Document, Evaluation of the Commission Notice on the definition of relevant market for the purposes of Community competition law of 9 December 1997, SWD(2021) 199 final. [8] Communication from the Commission – Commission Guidance on the application of the referral mechanism set out in Article 22 of the Merger Regulation to certain categories of cases, C(2021) 1959 final. [9] Communication from the Commission – Guidance on the Commission’s enforce ment priorities in applying Article 82 of the EC Treaty to abusive exclusionary con duct by dominant undertakings, OJ C 45, 24.2.2009 , pp. 7–20. [10] Competition authorities of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden (2020). Digital platforms and the potential changes to competition law at the European level [online]. [cit. 2022-01-01]. Available at: tal-platforms-and-the-potential-changes-to-competition-law.pdf. [11] Competition Policy International (2021). China’s Antitrust Head Signals Tighter Legal Enforcement [online]. [cit. 2022-01-01]. Available at: https://www.competitionpoli .


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