CYIL vol. 12 (2021)

alžběta krausová CYIL 12 (2021) regulation. The first speaker, Anna Joubin-Bret , Secretary of UNCITRAL and Director of the International Trade Law Division at the United Nations Office of Legal Affairs, provided an overview of UNCITRAL’s ongoing work on legal issues related to the digital economy. She spoke mainly about the work on AI and automated contracting as well as the work on data transactions, online platforms, and dispute resolution. Karine Perset , Head of OECD.AI Policy Observatory and Network of Experts, then presented two key initiatives of the OECD – the OECD.AI Policy Observatory and the OECD.AI Network of Experts. Next, Professor Peggy Valcke , Vice-President of the CAHAI at the Council of Europe, introduced CAHAI’s feasibility study on AI legal framework and the progress of CAHAI’s work. Lastly, Carlo Di Nicola , Senior Legal Officer at UNIDROIT, presented an update on UNIDROIT’s work on the project of Digital Assets and Private Law. The third keynote panel focused on regulating AI from the global perspective. Taylor Reynolds , Technology Policy Director of the MIT Internet Policy Research Initiative, described the regulatory initiatives in the United States that, in principle, aim to enhance AI development, position the U.S. competitively, and address AI-related social risks. Professor Dov Greenbaum , Director of Zvi Meitar Institute for Legal Implications of Emerging Technologies at IDC Herzliya, then spoke about Israeli regulatory and privacy issues related to processing big data and illustrated these issues on the use case of contact tracing and vaccine studies in Israel. Lastly, Alžběta Krausová , Researcher at the Institute of State and Law of the Czech Academy of Sciences, presented potential obstacles to coming up with consistent worldwide regulation of AI as well as potential benefits resulting from cultural differences. The last panel of the first day was a special discussion panel organized in cooperation with the initiative Czech Women in Artificial Intelligence, and its main focus was on women in AI and ethics. The panel was moderated by Kateřina Anna Magnna , CWAI Steering Committee Member and Government Affairs Lead for CZ, SK, and HU at Microsoft. Gabriela Ramos , Assistant Director-General for the Social and Human Sciences at UNESCO, spoke mainly about the importance and benefits of promoting engagement of women in the area of AI and gave empowering examples from her own life and practice. Virginia Dignum , Professor of Responsible Artificial Intelligence at Umeå University in Sweden, then presented her research on achieving a truly human-centered and responsible AI that shall combine accuracy with transparency and privacy while also ensuring human responsibility for the development of such systems. The second day of the conference was opened by a specialized panel on AI and cybersecurity. The panel was moderated by Tomáš Ščerba , a local partner at White & Case LLP, who highlighted the importance and perils of cybersecurity in general. The first speaker, Lorenzo Pupillo , Associate Senior Research Fellow and Head of the Cybersecurity at the Centre for European Policy Studies, introduced the main ideas of the CEPS Task Force report “Artificial Intelligence and Cybersecurity: Technology, Governance and Policy Challenges”. Dalibor Kačmář , National Technology Officer at Microsoft, then presented how AI can be used for the purposes of ensuring cybersecurity. The second Friday panel focused on AI in business from the public perspective. The speakers mainly presented information about developments in AI-related law and public policy that significantly affect or shall affect business relationships in the future. Professor Monika Pauknerová , Member of UNIDROIT Governing Council, Professor of private


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